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Attitudes to the Use of Organic Resources on Land - WR0510

Description
Large quantities of organic resources are currently spread on rural land and it is likely that this will increase in the future with the impacts of a range of EU and UK legislative drivers. Examples include the drive to divert increasing amounts of biodegradable materials from landfill under the Landfill Directive and the Landfill Allowance Trading Scheme; the Waste Management Licensing Regulations; the incentive to compost more waste to meet Best Value Performance indicator targets, the single farm payment, associated `cross compliance` and the need to consider the `Good Agricultural & Environmental Condition` Standards. At the same time there is regulatory pressure to reduce nitrate and phosphate pollution. It is therefore likely that in future, organic waste applications to land will come under increasingly rigorous scrutiny. The perceptions and attitudes of the whole chain of stakeholders, from land managers to consumers, will therefore be crucial to whether such activities can increase and how they will operate.

This research will therefore examine the experiences and perceptions of all those involved in the process of using organic waste-derived material on the land. It will focus on the different types of organic materials such as sewage sludges, composts, digestates, food and plant residues and manures which may be applied in different types of land-use, including agricultural and restoration/reclamation.

The overall aim of this project is to assess the range and extent of different perceptions of the application of organic waste-derived material on the land and to gain an understanding of the decision-making processes involved, potential barriers and likely geographic variations, in order to inform policy options and communication strategies for organic waste-derived materials.

The work programme will comprise a series of integrated, activities to illuminate stakeholder attitudes and mechanisms to foster constructive action. These activities will asses the extent to which views, perceptions and potential change mechanisms are held by these different groups of people across England, (also potentially Wales, Scotland and N. Ireland) including issues such as differences between different farming types, east / west variations, differences related to type of organic resources and associated fiscal issues. Activities include: a review of existing evidence, information and experiences relevant to organic waste-derived; a series of telephone interviews to investigate the views of key stakeholders; a wider opinion survey conducted in partnership with MORI amongst consumers, rural dwellers and farmers; interactive focus groups with different stakeholder groups; interactive stakeholder meetings; a final interactive dissemination workshop involving identified key stakeholders, policy makers and regulators to feedback results.

The findings from this research will identify the range of different views, the decision making processes involved and any barriers and solutions to the application of organic waste-derived materials to land. The results will be used to develop key messages that will provide an evidence base for informing policy and practice, and contribute to current debates.


Objective
Aim:

The overall aim of this project is to assess the range and extent of different perceptions towards the application of organic waste-derived material on land and to gain an understanding of the decision-making processes involved, identify actual and potential barriers, likely geographic and sub-regional variations and key drivers, in order to inform policy options and communication strategies for the use of organic waste-derived materials.

Objectives:

1) Review the current drivers and barriers, assess the robustness of the evidence from relevant literature and map the key issues.

2) Explore key issues with selected key stakeholders.

3) Assess in a quantitative way the extent to which attitudes are held across England, Wales, Scotland and N. Ireland.

4) Explore in a qualitative, participatory way the views held within different stakeholder groups and key opinion formers, covering waste producers, waste users and those affected by the use of land to land. These will include farmers, non-farming rural dwellers, purchasers of produce including processors and retailers (both large and small), consumers, and a range of statutory authorities and NGOs.

5) Use an iterative process of stakeholder consultation and dissemination to recommend mechanisms that will facilitate change and increase confidence in returning organic waste-derived materials to land.







Project Documents
• Final Report : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Final Report   (2473k)
• Final Report : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Summary Report   (785k)
• Final Report - Annex : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Annex 1: Literature Review   (465k)
• Final Report - Annex : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Annex 2: Initial mapping of key issues from scoping study   (3901k)
• Final Report - Annex : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Annex 3: Public and farmer attitude survey top-line findings   (1030k)
• Final Report - Annex : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Annex 4: Stakeholder workshops: methodology and maps   (1142k)
• Information Leaflet : WR0510 "Attitudes to the use of organic resources on land" - Policy context note   (211k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2007

To: 2009

Cost: £203,666
Contractor / Funded Organisations
University - The Open
Keywords
Agri-Environment              
Attitudes              
Composting              
Environment              
Environmental Protection              
Land              
Pollution              
Social Dimension              
Social Research              
Soil              
Understand/enhance pro-environmental behaviour              
Waste              
Waste Management              
Fields of Study
Waste Management