The aim of this overarching project was to appoint experienced suppliers to establish a contract for a Managed Service Provider (MSP) umbrella agreement to conduct a series of Evidence Reviews (ERs). The individual projects in this framework were in the areas of water resources (water availability, supply and quality), and Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management (FCERM).
Defra has developed expertise in carrying out Evidence Reviews in the Water evidence programme in partnership with the Joint Water Evidence Group (JWEG). Evidence Reviews range from Literature Reviews, Quick Scoping Reviews (QSRs), Rapid Evidence Assessments (REAs), to full Systematic Reviews (SRs). Evidence Reviews play an important role in informing policy and practice and in presenting a clear, unbiased picture of the state and quality of the evidence available on specific issues. This involves taking stock of and reviewing this evidence in a systematic way to answer specific questions, and identifying evidence gaps and further evidence needs. In addition the application of a systematic approach to assessing and reviewing evidence provides assurance for the transparency and objectivity of the results, thus increasing level of acceptance by stakeholders, the scientific community and the public .
Project 2 - Detection of infectious viruses in bathing waters
Human enteric viruses are the most likely pathogens responsible for waterborne diseases from the aquatic environment. However, there are few well established methods available for their detection. Furthermore, current commonly used methods for detection do not have the ability to differentiate between infective and non-infective viruses. Therefore, there is a need to identify any novel or potential methods that could be used to detect and measure infectious viruses in the aquatic environment.
Project 3 - Surface water flooding, FD2692
Investigations on flooding: evidence review of factors contributing to surface water flooding from Section 19 LLFA reports and other supporting information
Project 4 - Funding mechanisms to deliver water quality improvements
This is a Quick Scoping Review to collate the lessons from a wide range of funding mechanisms to deliver water quality improvements from the UK and overseas and to assess the scope for application of such models to England.
Project 6 - Integrated Planning for Water
This project is a Quick Scoping Review (QSR) of existing evidence designed to answer the primary question of: What is the overall benefit in aligning flood risk and river basin management planning?
Project 8 - Water Efficiency Behaviour Change
This project is a rapid evidence assessment (REA) of existing academic and other literature about behaviour change relating to reducing the demand for water. We know that a number of techniques and approaches have been investigated to try to encourage householders to use less water by water companies and other organisations. The REA will address the question of what behaviour change approaches have been used to reduce household demand for water and how effective are these approaches. In addition the REA will identify what the key evidence gaps remaining in the evidence base are and how best could these be filled
Project 10 - Resilience and affordability of water services under different sectoral models. This Quick Scoping Review presents a summary of evidence on the efficacy of different models of competition and regulation in promoting government priorities for the water sector.
Project 11 - This project is a quick scoping review designed to answer the question of: What international examples are there of private funding and/or financing for flood defence?
Project 12 - This project is a quick scoping review designed to answer the question of: What evidence is there that investment in flood defence infrastructure increases land and property values?
Project 13 - This project is a quick scoping review designed to answer questions about Adaptation to Coastal Change. The review indicates the number of properties lost to the sea since 1996 and predictions of properties at risk going forwards. Social characteristics and vulnerability of the places at most risk are described, along with the costs and timescales associated with local authorities' planned actions in the Shoreline Management Plans.
Project 14 - This project is a rapid evidence assessment on the contribution of anaerobic digestion technologies to the development of antimicrobial resistance/ antimicrobial resistant genes
Project 15 - Fair rate of return for the regulated water industry in England and Wales. This was a quick scoping review to understand returns earned by water companies in England and Wales. The question for review was ‘Does the current regulatory and institutional framework tend to lead regulated water and wastewater companies in England and Wales to earn excess returns?’