This study will aim to investigate the agricultural impacts and adaptations of climate change. The project will be composed of 6 specific objectives outlined as follows, together with ways in which they might be achieved: 1. Identification of the possible economic impacts of climate change on agriculture, and subsequent agricultural adaptation in England and Wales, from published literature and consultation with experts within ADAS and from outside. Focus will be on key commodities within each sector; 2. Prioritisation of the key impacts that can be met by, or need, an adaptation response. A matrix will be created showing predicted climate changes, as well as the effect on the value of production of affected agricultural sectors in England and Wales; 3. Prioritisation of the possible adaptation strategies based on their practicality, impact and cost effectiveness. For each of the most important agricultural sectors, an indicative cost benefit analysis on the most promising adaptive mechanisms will be undertaken. Most beneficial adaptation options will be ranked by estimating the net present values; 4. Examination of the leading adaptive responses in more detail to investigate how they may be applied, their effect and the timescale over which they should be introduced. A comparison will be made of the 4 UKCIP scenarios to highlight where the similar climate impacts occur and over what timescale. The cost benefit analysis will be refined by repeating the analysis as partial budgets estimating profit changes for individual businesses to demonstrate the commercial viability of the adaptation mechanisms for farms and other businesses. The assumptions that will have been used will be supported by a range of farm level modelling, crop enterprise modelling and/or assessment of feasible input/output changes; 5. Review of possible industry responses to the project findings and assist in summarizing the results by enterprise type. Preliminary results will be presented at a workshop of key stakeholders from the agricultural industry, levy bodies, research, academia and government, with their views being built into the evaluations; and 6. Production of a final report highlighting the key findings and identifying areas where adaptation options offer no benefit or do not exist.