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Determination of the interaction between mushroom phorids (Megaselia halterata) and various cultivable fungi - HH1765SMU

Description
Pests are a constant threat to the successful commercial production of mushrooms. Lost production and pest control measures costs the UK mushroom industry an estimated £11M/annum. Control of the mushroom phorid (Megaselia halterata) has now become extremely difficult as there are now no insecticides approved for the control of fly larvae in compost. The development of M. halterata populations will be assessed on a genetically diverse range of cultivable fungi. Adults will be exposed to these fungi (grown on a standard compost media) and their mortality, generation time and fecundity determined and compared. The volatile production pattern of these fungi will be assessed using an electronic sensor array (electronic 'nose'). Results from this research have the potential to be used in establishing the susceptibility of Agaricus species to M. halterata and subsequently in the development of integrated control programs to reduce crop losses and improve mushroom quality.
Objective
This project aims to determine the level of natural resistance to M. halterata in a range of cultivable mushroom species and to assess the volatile production pattern of these fungi using an electronic sensor array. This knowledge could be exploited in pest control strategies. Specific objectivers are:
1. To produce grain spawn cultures of ten genetically diverse cultivable fungi.
2. To evaluate such cultivable fungi for their effect on M. halterata mortality, generation time and fecundity.
3. To assess the volatile production pattern of these fungi using an electronic sensor array.
Project Documents
• Final Report : Determination of the interaction between mushroom phorids(Megaselia halterata) and various cultivable fungi   (706k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2000

To: 2003

Cost: £212,270
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Horticulture Research International
Keywords
Biological Control              
Farming              
Horticulture              
Mushrooms              
Pest Control              
Vegetables              
Fields of Study
Horticulture
Horticulture