Drainage of agricultural land, together with increased hydrological control in major river catchments, has resulted in steady and increasing losses of wetland habitats and associated species. This study will aim to establish the relationships between water management actions, agricultural operations and the ecological status of wet grassland. Sites will be identified on peat and clay soils in the Somerset Levels and Moors ESA, and in the Broads ESA, where different water management actions have been undertaken. Effects of those particular water management actions on soil characteristics will be investigated, as well as the relationship between water management actions and agricultural opportunities and operations. Implications of changes in site wetness for plant, bird and invertebrate species will be assessed. Finally, relationships between water management actions, agricultural management and the ecological status of the wet grassland will be determined.