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Offshore Wind Farms Enabling Actions: A review of the use of compensatory measures and applicability to UK offshore developments - ME6032

Description
Defra wished to strategically consider the current compensation methods for future offshore developments. This work took the form of a literature review and brought together expertise and knowledge from Cefas, Natural England and Joint Nature Conservation Committee to define, highlight and review key areas for consideration on the use of compensatory measures offshore.
Objective
The overall aim of this project was to review the use of compensatory measures in the UK and international case studies where there was a need to derogate from either UK or EU legislation for protected areas. Either by applying Measures of Equivalent Environmental Benefit under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, or Article 6 (4) of the EU Habitats Directive (and its transposition into UK legislation).

The review covers the following, each of which is considered in the report through respective sections:

1. Defining compensatory measures.
2. Identification and review of measures which have already been put in place within the UK including an assessment of what benefits they have delivered.
3. Identification and review of any relevant measures which have been applied internationally, their efficacy, and an assessment of the potential transferability of these to UK waters.
4. Review of the monitoring and reporting requirements around the compensatory measures component of a project or development.
5. Consideration of the assessment and ‘success criteria’ used within the projects.
6. Consideration of methods for demonstrating compliance with legal obligations for projects where a Marine Protected Area is impacted (for example, the requirements of Habitat Regulations Assessments, Marine Conservation Zone Assessments and Measures of Equivalent Environmental Benefit).

Citation: Blake, S. Copley, V. Fawcett, A. Hall, K. Perry, J. and Wood, D. 2020. A review of the use of compensatory measures and applicability to UK offshore developments, Defra Project ME6032. pp. 103.
Project Documents
• FRP - Final Report : ME6032 Blake et al 2020 UK offshore development compensatory measures review   (2097k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2020

To: 2020

Cost: £36,349
Contractor / Funded Organisations
C E F A S (CEFAS)
Keywords
Biodiversity              
Environmental policy              
Renewable              
Sustainable Development