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Collating baseline non-native species data for MSFD reporting - ME5223

Description
Marine Non-Native Species (NNS) such as the Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis) have large ecological and economic impacts and pose a great threat to the biological diversity in the marine environment.

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) has responsibility to protect more effectively the marine environment across Europe. The overarching goal of the Directive is to achieve ‘Good Environmental Status’ (GES) by 2020 across Europe’s marine environment and to protect the resource base upon which marine-related economic and social activities depend. The MSFD outlines 11 high level descriptors of GES. Descriptor 2 requires that ‘Non-indigenous species introduced by human activities are at levels that do not adversely alter the ecosystems’.

The aim of this project is to create a database containing robust baseline data and maps showing the distribution of 28 current marine NNS of concern for MSFD reporting. The project mains aims are to:

• Make updates from recent data and undertake digitization of key historic datasets
• Digitise data from the literature which is not yet publically available
• Create distribution maps for each NNS

The results of this project will be used to assess the spread of the 28 Marine NNS currently in the UK. The MSFD aims to develop a baseline for the rate of establishment of new NNS arriving in the UK marine environment, and provide information required to measure progress towards GES with a plan to develop management plans for high risk NNS.
Objective
The aim of this project is to create a database containing robust baseline data showing the distribution of 28 non-native species (NNS) of concern for MSFD reporting.

The project aims are to:

• Make updates from recent data and undertake digitization of key historic datasets for the 28 species;
• Digitise data from the literature not already in MEDIN format, NBN format or MR format, and
• Create distribution maps for each species focusing on the last 10 years (one-point per record).

This will involve carrying out a thorough literature search for each species on the Monitoring list from the following (but not limited to) search engines: The National Marine Biological Library (based at the MBA), Web of Science, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. We will also collect additional data from Local Record Centres, from the Wildlife Trusts and Data Archive Centres. We will identify a group of relevant experts with expertise in one or more of the species on the Monitoring list (‘Development of priority species lists for monitoring and surveillance of marine non-natives in the UK’ Cefas Project Report C6484-Defra project ME5219 Objective 1) to look at and review the draft maps of the distributions of these 28 species to gather additional information on the distribution of species. In most cases it would seem reasonable to make provisional maps for the species from available records (mostly NBN and DASSH holdings) and to send those to the experts/regional representatives for comments and additions/subtractions.

We will create metadata records for each dataset we collate which will be exported to the MEDIN Discovery portal. We will ensure copyright and any restrictions on data use are noted. DASSH will release any data not currently on the NBN gateway, with agreement from providers to do so, onto the MEDIN Discovery portal as an in kind contribution to this project.

We will be liaising with Defra. We will ensure good communication with the Marine Programme Manager at Defra to ensure that any problems encountered are accurately documented and promptly solved.
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2015

To: 2016

Cost: £32,170
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Marine Biological Association
Keywords
Marine