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Collating baseline non-native species data for MSFD reporting - ME5223

Marine Non-Native Species (NNS) such as the Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis) have large ecological and economic impacts and pose a great threat to the biological diversity in the marine environment.

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) has responsibility to protect more effectively the marine environment across Europe. The overarching goal of the Directive is to achieve ‘Good Environmental Status’ (GES) by 2020 across Europe’s marine environment and to protect the resource base upon which marine-related economic and social activities depend. The MSFD outlines 11 high level descriptors of GES. Descriptor 2 requires that ‘Non-indigenous species introduced by human activities are at levels that do not adversely alter the ecosystems’.
The aim of this project is to create a database containing robust baseline data showing the distribution of 28 non-native species (NNS) of concern for MSFD reporting.

The project aims are to:

• Make updates from recent data and undertake digitization of key historic datasets for the 28 species;
• Digitise data from the literature not already in MEDIN format, NBN format or MR format, and
• Create distribution maps for each species focusing on the last 10 years (one-point per record).

The results of this project will be used to assess the spread of the 28 Marine NNS currently in the UK. The MSFD aims to develop a baseline for the rate of establishment of new NNS arriving in the UK marine environment, and provide information required to measure progress towards GES with a plan to develop management plans for high risk NNS.

Hughes, E., Wood, C.A., Arnold, M., Bishop, J.D.D., Griffiths, C., Sewell, J., and Lear, D. (2016) Collating baseline invasive non-indigenous species data for MSFD reporting. Defra report ME5223. 59pp.
Project Documents
• FRP - Final Report : ME5223 MSFD NNS report 2016 final report   (8922k)
• OTH - Other : ME5223 NNS Maps 2016 Report   (6219k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2015

To: 2016

Cost: £32,170
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Marine Biological Association