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Production of wild bird indicators - Updating UK and England wild bird indicators - EV0148

Description
This project aims to report on broad trends in common wild birds across a range of habitats and at a variety of geographical scales. The indicators provide a valuable measure of trends in biodiversity and hence an assessment of policies intended to support biodiversity in the UK. Specifically, the UK indicators are used in the UK biodiversity indicators, as our formal reporting on the UN Convention on Biological Diversity; and the England indicators are used for the Defra Business Plan (farmland birds indicator), and for reporting on the England Biodiversity Strategy. They also provide an easily-comprehensible way of communicating trends in biodiversity to the wider public, helping engage a wider audience in conservation issues.
Objective
1. To deliver, to an agreed schedule, annual unsmoothed UK Biodiversity indicators for the following groups. These indicators will be unsmoothed, produced using a wide range of data sources including CBC-BBS, WBS-WBBS, WeBS, SMP, RBBP and SCARABBS. Seabird indicators will be created using trends (derived from SMP data) provided by the JNCC. These measures will be accompanied by supporting information providing the smoothed annual indices, plots of the smoothed indicators, and the smoothed indices for the species comprising each of these indicators.

• UK breeding farmland birds (including specialist/generalist lines), 1970 to most recently available year (2010 in 2011, etc)
• UK breeding woodland birds (including specialist/generalist lines), 1970 to most recently available year
• UK breeding water & wetland birds (including four sub-habitat lines, if required), 1975 to most recently available year
• UK breeding seabirds (including two feeding guild lines, if required), 1970 to most recently available year
• UK all breeding species, 1970 to most recently available year
• UK wintering waterbirds (including wader & wildfowl lines), 1975/76 to most recently available winter

2. To deliver, to an agreed schedule, annual unsmoothed England Biodiversity Strategy indicators for the following groups. These indicators will be unsmoothed, produced using a wide range of data sources including CBC-BBS, WBS-WBBS, WeBS, SMP, RBBP and SCARABBS. Seabird indicators will be created using trends (derived from SMP data) provided by the JNCC. These measures will be accompanied by supporting information providing the smoothed annual indices, plots of the smoothed indicators, and the smoothed indices for the species comprising each of these indicators.

• England breeding farmland birds (including specialist/generalists lines), 1970 to most recently available year
• England breeding woodland birds (including specialist/generalists lines), 1970 to most recently available year
• England breeding water & wetland birds (including four sub-habitat lines, if required), 1975 to most recently available year
• England breeding seabirds (including two feeding guild lines, if required), 1970 to most recently available year
• England all breeding species, 1970 to most recently available year
• England wintering waterbirds (including wader & wildfowl lines), 1975/76 to most recently available winter

3. To provide a statistical measure of change in the following UK and England Biodiversity Indicators, for time periods to be agreed by the Steering Group but likely to be since 2000 or over the most recent five or ten years.

• breeding farmland birds (including specialist/generalists lines), 1970 to most recently available year
• breeding woodland birds (including specialist/generalists lines), 1970 to most recently available year
• breeding water & wetland birds, 1975 to most recently available year
• all breeding species, 1970 to most recently available year

Note that due to the survey sampling design and analytical procedures for generating the indicators for seabirds and wintering waterbirds, it is not possible to assess the statistical significance of change using the bootstrapping approach and hence statistical assessment of changes in these two indicators will not be provided. Moreover, due to the inclusion of seabirds and some periodically surveyed species in the all breeding species indicator, the statistical assessment of change in this indicator will be based on a subset of the species included.

4. To develop a new indicator for breeding upland birds, for both UK and England, to be subsequently updated annually.

5. To develop a new indicator, for both UK and England, for priority bird species (those listed as priorities on the UK Biodiversity Action Plan), to be subsequently updated annually.

Note that for all of the above, the contractor will assist Defra in the reporting and interpretation of indicators in a variety of formats, aimed at a number of audiences
Project Documents
• OTH - Other : EV0148   (32k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2011

To: 2015

Cost: £128,659
Contractor / Funded Organisations
R S P B
Keywords
Biodiversity              
Birds              
Indicators              
Nature conservation              
Sustainable Development              
Fields of Study
Environmental Protection - Agriculture