This project aims to produce a sound evidence base for the development of contingency plans for the control of notifiable aquatic animal diseases outbreaks in England and Wales. The relevant literature will be reviewed with the purpose of producing recommendations and a roadmap for producing contingency plans.
1. Organise start-up workshop in London to appraise the current state of animal and plant contingency planning and expertise in the UK.
2. Systematic review of peer-reviewed publications on animal disease contingency planning.
3. Review UK framework plan for control of exotic animal disease pathogens and the selected disease annexes (i.e. foot and mouth disease and classical swine fever), including analysis of how they would transpose to aquatic animal diseases.
4. Review Defra terrestrial animal disease simulations undertaken to test contingency plans for FMD (Operation Hornbeam) and HPAI. Produce recommendations for similar exercise to test aquatic animal disease contingency plans, including approaches to disease modelling and surveillance strategies.
5. Comparative review of published aquatic animal disease control plans produced by the United States, Australia (AquaPlan), New Zealand, Norway and the Gryodactylus salaris (Gs) contingency plans produced by the Scottish Gs task force.
6. Review and summary of guidelines on contingency planning for animal health emergencies produced by inter-governmental organisations, inter alia Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), World Animal Health Organisation (OIE), Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA).
7. Produce recommendations for the development of contingency plans for the control of exotic notifiable disease outbreaks based on the literature reviews undertaken and an assessment of the current state of aquatic animal disease plans. The reviews detailed in objectives 3, 4 and 5 will be used to create a template for aquatic animal disease contingency plans. The major deficiencies in current aquatic animal disease plans will be identified. Detailed recommendations will cover, inter alia, communication with stakeholders, planning for the emergence of new diseases, the role of mathematical modelling, a system to review control strategies during an outbreak, provision of scientific advice, scaling up a response, resource forecasting and the role of scenario modelling. Future research needed to support the development of contingency plans will be prioritised.