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OREGIN: Oilseed Rape Genetic Improvement Network 2018-2023 - CH0110

Description
OREGIN is one of four Genetic Improvement Networks supported by Defra as part of a long-term research platform for the genetic improvement of arable crops and fresh produce. OREGIN started in 2003, with this now its 5th stage.

Productive interaction between stakeholders and academics involved in rapeseed research underpins the long-term competitiveness of the sector. To continue promotion of this interaction, OREGIN organises and supports regular engagement via meetings, including the Annual Stakeholder Forum. More broadly, OREGIN promotes the availability of shared underpinning plant and microbial resources and information with the aim of promoting an open approach to pre-competitive research, reducing the risk of redundant activity and enabling added value to be realised. Building on previous research that implicated specific genes as being detrimental to important characteristics of rapeseed, the present phase of OREGIN includes pre-breeding activities to test predicted impacts of the loss of these genes. This involves the development of new winter oilseed rape lines with benchmarking relative to a panel of reference varieties, along with the development of molecular markers to assist future breeding. Priority plant characteristics being investigated include tolerance to insects, viruses and diseases, including phoma stem canker, light leaf spot and clubroot, and improved fertiliser use efficiency.
Objective
ACTIVITY 1 – Stakeholder network:

WP1. Maintain and expand interactions between UK stakeholders and academic researchers.
1.1 Direct interactions between stakeholders and academic project partners.
1.2 Facilitated interactions between stakeholders and the wider academic community.


ACTIVITY 2 – Genetic tools and resources to address challenges:

WP2. Provide physical resources to underpin rapeseed breeding.
2.1 Maintain and make available for cost-recovered distribution core pathogen sets.
2.2 Maintain and make available for cost-recovered distribution B. napus DFFS lines.
2.3 Amplify panel of reference B. napus varieties for trialling.

WP3. Develop novel pre-breeding material for trait assessment.
3.1 Agree target traits and genes. 3.2 to 3.4 Develop pre-breeding lines.
3.5 Develop pre-breeding F1 hybrids between winter and spring oilseed rape.

WP4. Conduct pre-breeding assessment of novel winter oilseed rape lines.
4.1 Establishment, management and phenotyping of field trials.
4.2 Assessment of heterosis in spring x winter hybrid oilseed rape.
4.3 Assessment of the impact of modified leaf wax composition in disease and pest interactions.
4.4 Interpretation of trial data.


ACTIVITY 3 – Develop and exploit opportunities for further research:

WP5. Promote spin-off projects.


ACTIVITY 4 – Effective dissemination and knowledge exchange:

WP6. Provide information resources to underpin rapeseed breeding.
6.1 Provision of molecular data from current phase of OREGIN. 6.2 Provision of trait data from current phase of OREGIN.
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2018

To: 2023

Cost: £1,199,951
Contractor / Funded Organisations
University of York
Keywords
Agriculture              
Arable Farming              
Breeding              
Crop Improvement              
Crops              
Genomics              
Oilseed Rape              
Plant Genetic Resources              
Plant Varieties and Seeds              
Sustainable Farming and Food