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Bathing waters – rapid evidence review on the health risks of bathing waters - WT1530

Description
Defra and the Environment Agency monitor 416 bathing waters under the Bathing Waters Directive (2006/6/EC) annually. The aim of the monitoring is to measure and classify water quality which is a risk of pollution which may have an impact on the health of bathers, and to provide bathers with information on water quality.

More information is available on the Defra pages of the Gov.uk website –
https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/improving-water-quality/supporting-pages/planning-for-better-water

Faecal Indicator Organisms (E.Coli and Intestinal enterococci) are used as indicators of the risk to human health from water borne pathogens. The bathing waters Directive was revised in 2006 and this revision was based on epidemiological research carried out for the World Health Organisation - http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/bathing/wsh9901/en/index.html

The Bathing Water Directive is due to be reviewed in 2020.


The aim to carry out a rapid evidence review on the evidence around bathing water standards and the impact on human health to highlight any significant new research and evidence gaps.
Objective
The aim to carry out a rapid evidence review on the evidence around bathing water standards and the impact on human health to highlight any significant new research and evidence gaps.

Specific project objectives:

• To review evidence for health risks to bathers in the sea and fresh water (lakes, ponds and rivers)
• To review evidence for any difference in health risks to recreational water users (surfers etc)
• To review evidence for different indicator standards
• To review evidence for the FIO classification boundaries of the 2006/7/EC bathing waters directive
Project Documents
• FRP - Final Report : Bathing waters – rapid evidence review on the health risks of bathing waters   (1600k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2013

To: 2014

Cost: £54,132
Contractor / Funded Organisations
RAND Europe
Keywords
Water Quality