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Maintenance of a Pea Gene Bank - GC0145

The sustainable development and improvement of UK crops in the face of new or increasing biotic and abiotic stresses is heavily dependent on access and utilisation of germplasm resources. Access to diverse, well characterised genetic resources is essential to the underpinning of progress in plant science research and the genetic enhancement of future crops through commercial breeding. The conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources are cited as contributing directly to Defra's objectives concerning a sustainable, competitive food supply chain, sustainable, diverse and adaptable farming and sustainable management of natural resources. The support of key ex situ germplasm collections is in line with Defra’s policy on genetic resources for food and agriculture for England and Wales and Defra’s role as lead ministry meeting UK commitments for conservation of plant genetic resources under both the Convention on biological Diversity (1994) and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA, 2004). In addition, the 2nd Global Plan of Action (approved Dec 2011) makes specific reference to new and updated priority areas 9 and 11 addressing “plant breeding, genetic enhancement and base-broadening efforts” and “farmers’ varieties/landraces”. The JIC Pea collection directly addresses these areas. Formally, the collection comes under annex 1 provision of the ITPGRFA and has distributed germplasm under the sMTA linked to the Multilateral System (MLS) of the ITPGRFA since Nov 2007.

The Collection is currently supported by Defra grant (GC0142) during which it has underpinned a wide range of research and commercial breeding through the provision of relevant germplasm and associated data. The collection currently stands at just over 3560 accessions and comprises wild accessions, landraces, as well as cultivars and breeders lines from the different breeding pools across the world and is widely recognised as one of the foremost ex-situ collections for pea genetic resources worldwide. The collection also includes subsets of material that are unique reference points for pea research and breeding including the world reference collection of mutation stocks for pea which underpin the Pisum Gene list and mapping work as well as sets of host differentials for disease work and breeding cited in the international UPOV guidelines for pea.
The continuation of this project will support the continued maintenance and development and promotion of the collection through the further characterisation of material in the field and glasshouses together with the distribution and utilisation of germplasm and related information through on-going programme of new introductions, characterisation and dissemination of information associated with the collections. It will also support the development of the collection through focusing on capitalising on the recent diversity analysis based on molecular markers in a focused approach targeted on current priority traits within the research and breeding communities.
I. To maintain and characterise the 3565 accessions within the pea collection. To manage the collection by dealing with new introductions and their characterisation (30-50 per year) and the regeneration of older accessions and stocks in need of multiplication.

II. To maintain and update associated passport and characterisation databases associated with the collection including stock management, passport and characterisation files. Also includes the revision of existing data and the collation of new information/data as it becomes available.

III. To develop and facilitate access to the collection via the development of web based documentation, searchable databases.

IV. To promote and enhance awareness of the collection by exploiting new media technologies such as videos and QR code labeling and through growing demonstrations of reference material from the collection for researchers and breeders to observe at first hand the variation within the collection.

V. To further develop resources linked to the recent molecular marker diversity analysis coupled with targeted characterisation of germplasm based on priority traits as identified by researchers and industry.
Project Documents
• EVID4 - Final project report : Project Report: Maintenance of a Pea Gene Bank   (12049k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2012

To: 2017

Cost: £274,270
Contractor / Funded Organisations
John Innes Centre (BBSRC)
Genetic Conservation              
Fields of Study
Plant Genetics