Defra - Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

Science Search

Science and Research Projects

Return to Science Search homepage   Return to Project List

Investigation into the CO2e Emissions of the Service Industries - EV0472

In 2010 Defra published 'Understanding Changes in UK CO2 Emissions 1992-2004; A Structural Decomposition Approach' (Project EV0423), which looked at the drivers for trends seen in UK producer and consumer emissions. This study found that although service industries emit far fewer greenhouse gases than manufacturing industries, their importance as a proportion of UK emissions as a whole was increasing. Also, if viewed from a 'consumption' perspective, that is, including those emissions emitted globally as part of UK citizens' consumption of services, their contribution was also increasingly important. It recommended that further analysis be done to investigate the drivers and sources of these emissions, and their likely trends.

To this end, this project has 2 main aims. Firstly, to extend the original SDA analysis back to 1990 and forward to 2009, using newly available data. Secondly, to understand the drivers, trends and hotspots in the contribution the service industries make to those UK producer and consumer emissions, and the potential ways in which the service industries may contribute to the reduction of UK emissions.
The project has the following specific objectives:
1. To extend the original structural decomposition analysis back to 1990 and forward to 2009, using new data.
2. To break down the data available for the service industries to show trends for specific service industries, and as a whole.
3. To project possible emissions for the service industries forward in time, using scenario forecasting and economic analysis, in order to identify those service industries that are already on a pathway to fewer emissions, and those whose emissions are likely to grow.
4. To identify points in service sector supply chains with relatively high emissions, and to draw comparisons in those points between different service sectors. Are there common causes of emissions?
5. To analyse the ways in which service industries may contribute to emissions reductions in supply chains, e.g. through the development of new business models based around services, through scenario development and forecasting.
Project Documents
• EVID4 - Final project report : Report final KS (2)   (1363k)
• ANX - Annex : Fact sheet formatted   (1008k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2012

To: 2012

Cost: £83,530
Contractor / Funded Organisations
University of Leeds
Monitoring and evaluation              
Fields of Study
Sustainable Consumption and Production