In October 2008, the Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 2050 for the Assessment of the Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Goods and Services became available. This complements a number of other tools and methods for GHG calculation available to companies, including the GHG Protocol and ISO14064.
The aims of this project are to determine the following:
1) How to measure (i.e. via which methods) the uptake of ‘GHG footprinting’
(for both corporate emissions and products & services) and the level of
GHG emissions reductions that this generates; and
2) The effectiveness of any methods recommended in 1) by testing them on
existing data, both for corporate and product & services GHG reporting.
The context for these aims is the requirement for government to assess the level of uptake of the Publicly Available Specification 2050 and any impact on GHG emissions. It will also contribute to Defra's updated guidance on corporate reporting.
With regard to measuring uptake, the project works with a number of stakeholder organisations centrally involved in GHG footprinting and reporting, including the CDP; the Carbon Trust; the US Climate Registry; and the GHG Protocol secretariat.
With regard to the level of emissions reductions generated, the study assesses:
• the role played by GHG footprinting, and associated measurement
tools (both for organisations and for product/services) in providing
the management information that enables emissions reduction;
• the role of GHG reporting schemes (as distinct from the GHG
footprinting itself), in driving or supporting emissions reductions;
• the interaction between GHG footprinting, reporting schemes, and
the other drivers of emission reductions mentioned (i.e. financial cost,
regulatory, customer/market and reputational).
A case study approach is used to assess the effectiveness of
different GHG reporting schemes in delivering emissions reductions.