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Understanding current management arrangements for Schedule 2 Waste - WR0308

Description
This research was commissioned by Defra to provide evidence with which to support a consultation on the Schedule 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations 1992 (CWR). Informal stakeholder consultations are ongoing throughout Autumn 2009, with a view to establishing broad agreement on options to be considered in a formal public consultation in early 2010.

Under the Environmental Protection Act, local authorities have a duty to collect household waste. However for certain household wastes (e.g. wastes from schools, hospitals etc) this duty only applies when the organisation requests a collection from the local authority. Schedule 2 of the CWR sets out the relevant premises for which a local authority can make a reasonable charge for the collection of household waste. This charge relates to the cost of collection, not treatment/disposal.

Historically, a large proportion of the premises listed in Schedule 2 of the CWR have employed private contractors to manage their waste. However, the cost of treatment/disposal has increased significantly over the last few years, which means it could be economically beneficial for these organisations to request household waste collections from the local authority and avoid these costs. This has raised concerns, within local authorities and the Local Government Association, that there could be significant cost implications to local authorities who would have to cover the cost of treatment/disposal of these wastes.

In order to assess the potential cost implications to local authorities a clear understanding of the quantities of such wastes is needed. It appeared that there were inconsistencies in the approaches adopted by local authorities to the collection and charging for these wastes:

i. Collected free as part of normal collection rounds with domestic premises;
ii. Collected as identified Schedule 2 waste and a charge made;
iii. Collected at full commercial rates including disposal;
iv. A mix of the above collections depending on the type of premise; and
v. No service provided by the local authority to relevant premises.

This research aimed to:
i. Quantify the amount of waste collected from relevant properties by both local authorities and the private contractors; and
ii. Assess the impacts, both financial and technical, of local authorities collecting the Schedule 2 waste currently collected by the private contractors.

This was achieved by a combination of:
i. Surveying all local authorities in England Wales, to understand their current approaches and the quantities and costs of collecting these wastes;
ii. Discussions with the private waste contractors, as part of assessing the quantities and costs associated with managing the waste not collected by the local authorities;
iii. Modelling the impacts of local authorities collecting all the Schedule 2 waste.
Objective
To achieve these aims the following objectives were identified:

1. Define the institutions falling under ‘Schedule 2’ of the Controlled Waste Regulations 1992, in order to ensure consistency in interpretation and allow data needs to be defined;
2. Quantify the number of institutions falling under ‘Schedule 2’ of the Controlled Waste regulations 1992, by region and waste disposal authority;
3. Establish the policies and approach adopted by local authorities to collections from Schedule 2 premises, including charging regimes, by surveying all local authorities in England and Wales;
4. Quantify the amount of Schedule 2 waste currently collected by local authorities in England and Wales;
5. Quantify the amount of Schedule 2 waste currently outside the municipal waste stream;
6. Evaluate the impacts (financial, operational and technical) of moving all Schedule 2 waste into the municipal waste stream
Project Documents
• Final Report : Understanding current management arrangements for Schedule 2 Waste - Summary Report   (634k)
• Final Report - Annex : Understanding current management arrangements for Schedule 2 Waste - Final Report Appendices   (356k)
• Information Leaflet : Information Note: Understanding current management arrangements for Schedule 2 Waste (WR0308)   (7k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2009

To: 2009

Cost: £66,195
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Enviros Ltd
Keywords
Environmental Protection              
Processing techs for treatment /energy recovery              
Residual Wastes Management              
Waste Management              
Fields of Study
Waste Management