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Economic and environmental impacts of livestock production in the UK - AC0210

Description
Defra's vision for the livestock sector is to develop a "profitable and competitive domestic industry which enhances the biodiversity and rural landscape of England while minimising its impact on climate change, soil, water, and air quality” (Bid document: FFG 0803). This project aims to reduce the uncertainty regarding the economic and environmental impacts of livestock systems in the UK and inform research strategy and policy instruments that underpin Defra’s livestock vision. Our assessment will distinguish between beef, sheep, dairy, pigs, eggs, and poultry systems, mainstream and locally adapted breeds, and indoor, outdoor, intensive, extensive, organic, free range, upland and lowland husbandry. To contextualise our research, we will commence with a review and analysis of local, national, and international factors influencing the UK livestock industry. We will develop a baseline scenario to reflect the status of the livestock sector as it is, and then develop a set of scenarios comprising potential structural models of the livestock industry to reflect predicted and desirable outcomes, bearing in mind the likely constraints on the industry and the current and predicted policy and market drivers. We will then determine how the flow of economic and environmental benefits from the livestock and associated industries will be modified under these scenarios, how these will contribute to the achievement of Defra’s objectives for public goods and ecosystems services, and whether there are any barriers to success in achieving these public goods and ecosystem objectives. We will evaluate the timescale, cost and likelihood of achieving each of these scenarios. We will also evaluate the national and international implication of these modified economic and environmental benefits. Finally, we will report on major sources of uncertainty and the evidence gaps and provide recommendations on how these issues can be tackled.
Objective
To fulfil the requirements outlined in the invitation to tender (Bid document: FFG 0803), the objectives of this project are:


Objective 1: To review and analyse the local, national, and international factors influencing livestock systems in the UK and to determine the key policy and market drivers.

Objective 2: To identify the positive and negative impacts of livestock systems in the UK using an ecosystems approach and to link these impacts with Defra’s objectives for the industry.

Objective 3: To establish the baseline structural and sectoral composition of the UK industry and to determine the positive and negative impacts of this baseline industry on private and public benefits as captured in the ecosystems framework.

Objective 4: To develop scenarios and structural models of the UK livestock industry to reflect the key policy and market drivers and also to reflect desirable outcomes, as per the constraints on the livestock industry and Defra’s objectives for the livestock industry.

Objective 5: To identify and quantify marginal changes to the flow and stock of economic and environmental benefits from each sub-sector of the livestock industry in response to these scenarios and relative to the baseline.

Objective 6: To identify which structural models of the livestock industry will be most likely to contribute to Defra’s objectives for the livestock industry given likely policy and market constraints.

Objective 7: To identify and evaluate what barriers exist to achieving Defra’s objectives for the livestock industry.

Objective 8: To report on the evidence gaps and provide recommendations on how they can be tackled.

We will ensure that due consideration is given to maintaining the distinction between positive and negative impacts so that losses cannot be disguised by gains. Due consideration will also be given to the global implication of change to the UK livestock sector, so that impacts outside the UK are part of the evaluation.
Project Documents
• FRP - Final Report : SID5 ACO210 Final Report   (1428k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2009

To: 2011

Cost: £149,830
Contractor / Funded Organisations
University - Cranfield
Keywords
Agriculture and Climate Change              
Economy              
Environmental Impact              
Environmental Impacts              
Livestock              
Livestock Farming              
Sustainable Farming and Food Science