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Impacts of Household Charging in England - WR0708

This study will:
‘provide an assessment of the potential impact, in England as a whole and to local authorities, of a range of charges through:
•weight-based charging schemes where weighing technology is already in place;
•weight-based charging schemes where weighing technology requires roll-out;
•volume-based charging schemes using wheelie bins, bags or tags;
•recycling and participation rates;
•waste arisings;
•CA site operations;
•waste crime and fly-tipping;
•public perception of the fairness of such schemes and, as a result, lead to recommendations on the best way to present them;

and will model the economic impacts of such schemes using case studies where appropriate and taking into account the following factors:
•cost of new equipment, including training in its use;
•cost of setting up the scheme – including new administration arrangements, an enforcement strategy, publicity and education;
•ongoing costs of operating the scheme – including administration and enforcement arrangements;
•cost of dealing with any subsequent negative impacts – including the direct and indirect costs of clearing and enforcement associated with an increase in waste crime and fly-tipping, including illegal burning;
•the impact on costs of reductions in total waste arisings, reductions in residual waste and increases in recycling including a comparison of achieving similar results through other means such as compulsory recycling or positive incentives;
•distributional impact, including likely impact on low income/large families and households
•the timescales on which local authorities would be able to introduce charging.’

Key inputs, for different types of charging system, for which evidence will be sought, include:
1.Change in overall quantity of material collected;
2.Change in recycling rate;
3.Implications for CA sites;
4.Change in extent of illegal activity;
5.Additional enforcement costs.

In addition, information concerning:
1.Costs of equipment; and
2.Costs of administration
will be needed. The basis for these is readily available from equipment suppliers. We have had to estimate these costs in the past on a ‘per household’ basis and are confident this can be done again in fairly short order. However, it will be worth considering, at an early stage, how the billing is likely to occur and this may require some foresight as to how charging systems might be implemented in England (in terms of their relationship to Council Tax).

The expected outcomes are as follows:
* a review of the current evidence available on the implementation of household charging schemes
* an assessment of the collected information so that relationships between the scale and type of charge to the effects on waste behaviour can be identified
* modelling of the impacts, costs and savings in England as a whole (high-level exercise)
* modelling of the impacts, costs and savings to local authorities (concentrating on different authority types) and mircro-modelling to investigate the incidence of charges upon different household types within a charging system (so as to explore distributional consequences)
* a final report summarising the above
Project Documents
• Final Report : WR0708 Impacts of Household Charging in England   (1227k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2006

To: 2007

Cost: £41,615
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Eunomia Research and Consulting Ltd
Environmental Protection              
Sustainable Resource Consumption and Management              
Techniques & methodolgies for waste management              
Waste Management              
Fields of Study
Waste Management