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Resource Flows - EV02001

This study comprises three parts as follows:

Part (a)
A review of the Biffaward Mass Balance projects. To identify those areas which should be updated and, taking into account policy relevance and value for money, identify also:

· Gaps in studies which should be filled
· Where good practice has been identified and whether this approach can be applied to other areas

Part (b)
A review of other resource flow studies (eg economy-wide material flow accounts, life cycle analyses, eco-budgets) to provide an overview of their relative merits in comparison with Mass Balance studies covered in Part (a) and an evaluation of the robustness of the data in Parts (a) and (b). The review should consider what additional value might be obtained from integrating such methodologies, with specific reference to their relevance for policy formulation. In particular, the study should seek to address the following questions:

· What information can these studies provide about which materials/products should be targeted because of their environmental impact?
· How can these studies be used to guide decisions as to the best point in the supply chain at which to intervene?
· How can the studies be used to help set and monitor targets for SCP policy (for example by estimating how much environmental improvement can be attributed to improved product design in the past and how much can be expected in the future)?
· What additional information (for example on use and disposal practices or the expected length of the life of the products) is required in order to make these estimates, and how can this information best be managed and incorporated within a wider information system?

Part (c)
A review of the methodologies and data sources for compiling estimates of the amount of “embedded” carbon dioxide emissions relating to the UK’s imports of goods and services. This should include options for estimating earlier years back to 1990 and more recent years from 2000. Other issues to be covered include the feasibility of estimates of embedded emissions for household consumption as a whole and for other elements of final demand such as fixed capital formation and exports from the UK, the treatment of energy used in transportation including aviation, and the validity of the underlying assumptions used to generate the estimates.

This study might be used as a starting point for a broader assessment of the environmental impacts of UK consumption and production including other embedded emissions, water resource use and waste.
Project Documents
• Final Report : Resource Flows Final Report   (1257k)
• Final Report : SCP001 Final Report   (1597k)
• Executive Summary : SCP001 Executive Summary   (290k)
• Final Report - Annex : Resource Flows Annex to final report   (1876k)
• Final Report - Annex : SCP001 Appendix I   (2109k)
• Other : SCP001 External Review Statement   (139k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2005

To: 2006

Cost: £57,644
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Stockholm Environment Institute
Sustainable Consumption and Production              
Sustainable Development              
Sustainable Procurement              
Fields of Study
Sustainable Consumption and Production