Defra - Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

Science Search

Science and Research Projects

Return to Science Search homepage   Return to Project List

Diagnosis and surveillance for arbovirus infection, rinderpest virus infection and capripoxvirus infection of livestock - SE1622

Description
Capripoxvirus diseases - sheep pox, goat pox and lumpy skin disease of cattle - are endemic in Africa, the Middle East, Turkey and Asia. Rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants (PPR) are endemic in Africa, the Middle East, Turkey and most of Asia. Arbovirus diseases - bluetongue, African horse sickness and epizootic haemorrhagic disease - are endemic in temporate and tropical areas where suitable insect vectors exist.

Increased legal and illegal movement of animals has made the UK more vulnerable to the introduction of these viruses.

Climatic warming will extend the geographical distribution of vectors capable of transmitting arboviruses to possibly include the UK

Animals suspected of infection with these viruses must be quickly and reliably identified and tested to reduce the consequences of international and national trade restrictions.
Objective
01 To provide a 24 hour diagnostic service, depending on the quality of the sample, results can be available within 6 hours of receipt.

02 To maintain capacity to be able to handle on an annual basis:
200 samples for virus diagnosis - arbovirus, capripox, rinderpest
1000 serum samples and 40 samples for screening for virus contamination.

03 To introduce, when validated, new tests in order to improve the service in terms of timeliness, efficiency and sensitivity.

04 To inform DEFRA of any results which may have significance for disease surveillance or control in the U.K.
Project Documents
• Final Report : Diagnosis and surveillance for Arbovirus infection, Rinderpest virus infection and Capripoxvirus infection of livestock   (46k)
Time-Scale and Cost
From: 2002

To: 2003

Cost: £163,120
Contractor / Funded Organisations
Institute for Animal Health (BBSRC)
Keywords
Animal Diseases              
Animal Health              
Bluetongue              
Diagnosis              
Plants and Animals              
Fields of Study
Animal Health